Why the Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) Instructor Course for Active Shooters and Workplace Violence is Essential

Why the Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) Instructor Course for Active Shooters and Workplace Violence is Essential

In recent times, acts of school and workplace violence involving active shooters have been on the rise across the USA. These occurrences not only threaten life, safety, and security they also undermine public confidence while emotionally destabilizing the communities affected. Teaching communities how to respond to active shooter workplace violence events helps build campus and workplace resilience by providing the skills necessary to prepare for and respond to violent incidents to minimize fatalities and injuries.

What is S-CAT Training – Active Shooter/Workplace Violence?

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) is an EMR Safety and Health instructor certification program. In the S-CAT Active Shooter/Workplace Violence instructor course students learn how to teach their students how to act and react in case of an active shooter or workplace violence situation. Students also learn how to teach the steps necessary to maintain a safe environment. Once certified, instructors can teach the class to organizations in their communities. All of the class materials necessary to teach the course are included.

Benefits of S-CAT Training for Active Shooter/Workplace Violence

No institution or organization is immune to the threat of an active shooter terrorizing a workplace. The source of threats and violence could be internal or external and can occur anywhere, at any time, and often with no justifiable reason. It is now evident that a proactive stance should be taken to prevent violence from occurring. This S-CAT course is designed to teach students how to prevent, prepare for and respond to workplace violence events. The following are some of the benefits:

Provide peace of mind: Students and employees are worried about becoming victims of active assailants in their environments. A recent study reveals most people believe they are ill-equipped to handle an active shooter or workplace violence event should it occur. Providing S-CAT training gives students and employees the knowledge, skills, and confidence they need when faced with an unthinkable situation.

Help prevent incidents: Providing active shooter and workplace training also helps prevent incidents. When communities learn to recognize the warning signs, they will act proactively by informing managers and authorities, thus helping to avoid a disaster.

Reduces financial and legal liabilities: There is no doubt an active shooter or workplace incident can quickly become overwhelming for an organization. Recent statistics reveal that the annual cost to businesses of workplace violence in the U.S. was $130 billion in 2018, which could be higher today. These costs are related to medical bills and the costs of counseling survivors. Companies will need to gather for lawsuits and out-of-court settlements should families take legal action. Active assailant readiness training can help lower the risks of these violent events from happening, thus reducing financial and legal liabilities.

Providing Critical Training to Communities

Due to these highly unpredictable occurrences, there is a huge demand for workplace violence training, all schools, businesses, and organizations must have a workplace violence awareness and response plan in place and offer adequate training to their communities, so they are ready to respond to any situation. This half-day course is for anyone who wants to teach work associates, teachers, friends, family, etc. how to act and react during an active shooter and/or workplace violence situation and how to maintain a safe environment. Click here to learn more about our S-CAT Active Shooter/Workplace Violence instructor course. Go to www.emrsafetyandhealth.com to see a full catalog of all of our S-CAT instructor courses, OSHA courses and American Heart Association courses.

AHA PALS Certification

AHA PALS Certification

The American Heart Association (AHA) Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) certification is available to healthcare providers through EMR Safety and Health. Program facilitators provide the training and tools necessary for those working in the healthcare industry. With these emergency-related skills, healthcare professionals are able to expertly respond to infants and children during critical, life-saving moments. Below is an explanation of the PALS certifications that we offer at EMR Safety and Health.

PALS Provider Certification

This classroom, Instructor-led course incorporates a series of videos and simulated pediatric emergencies to reinforce the important concepts of a systematic approach to pediatric assessment, basic life support, PALS treatment algorithms, effective resuscitation, and team dynamics.The professionals who benefit most from a PALS Provider Certification include healthcare providers, emergency responders, pediatric nurses, and doctors. In order to qualify for the course students must have basic life support skills and they must complete a pre-course assessment with a score of 70% or higher. Successful completion of the course certifies individuals for two years.

PALS Provider Certification – Renewal

The renewal of the two-year PALS Provider Course is an expanded training program that includes personnel working in emergency response, emergency medicine, intensive care, and critical care units. This renewal course is an industry requirement.

Heartcode PALS Provider Online

PALS Provider Online is an eLearning course that utilizes eSimulation technology. To gain entry into the program, students must complete the PALS Pre-Course Self-Assessment. The program consists of in-hospital patient cases, a team dynamics lesson, and a multiple-choice exam where students must pass with a score of at least 84%. Students must successfully complete the Skills Check to receive their certification.

PALS Provider – Skills Check

PALS Provider – Skills Check is a 30-minute exercise that is designed to check the skills of those who have successfully completed the online version of the PALS Provider Course. It allows certification earners to test the skills and knowledge gained through the online course and apply it towards working in a hands-on environment.

PALS Instructor – Initial

This course enables instructors to take an advanced and systematic approach to pediatric assessment. Instructors will learn to teach a systematic approach to pediatric assessment, basic life support, PALS treatment algorithms, effective resuscitation, and team dynamics. Once certified, students are eligible to teach the PALS Provider Course, the PALS Provider Renewal Course and to conduct the PALS Skills Checks.

PALS Instructor – Renewal

Instructors must renew their PALS instructor certification every two years. This course renews your certification to teach the PALS Provider Course and the Skills Check.

PEARS Provider – (Pediatric Emergency Assessment, Recognition, and Stabilization)

The PEARS Provider Course is designed for healthcare providers who may encounter emergency pediatric situations during the course of their workday. Students will learn how to improve outcomes for pediatric patients by preparing healthcare providers with an assessment, early recognition, prompt communication and initial intervention in patients with respiratory emergencies, shock and cardiopulmonary arrest. Course materials are geared to those working as Nurse Practitioners, Physician Assistants, Emergency Medical Technicians, and Respiratory Therapists.

PALS Certification Benefits

Having a PALS certification is a requirement for most medical professionals dealing with infants or children. Students will learn the skills that they need to stabilize children in medical emergencies. In addition, having a PALS certification can enhance your career by helping to round out your professional skill set. A PALS certification is recognized throughout the world and EMR Safety and Health is the leading provider for industry training, click here to learn more about our PALS courses. To learn more about the  wide range of AHA courses and certification opportunities that we offer go to www.emrsafetyandhealth.com.

Expand Your Teaching Portfolio with Safety Compliance Awareness Courses

Expand Your Teaching Portfolio with Safety Compliance Awareness Courses

Heath and workplace safety is a standard requirement for all organizations. The government dictates that employers must incorporate employee safety, health, and welfare measures into their businesses. Safety Compliance Awareness Training (S-CAT) is a new certification program offered by EMR Safety and Health. It is a great way for instructors to build their training portfolios so they can help students find a good job, advance in their careers, become safety leaders in the workplace and add more stability to their long-term employment.

The instructor courses that we currently offer are listed below and there are more coming. Classes are taught live in our EMR Online Training Studio. All the materials needed to teach the courses, including fact sheets, workbooks, curriculum, etc., are provided. The courses that we offer include:

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – General Industry:

Students will receive training on topics such as safety and health programs, PPE (Personal Protective Equipment), electricity and lock-out tag-out, ergonomics and more.

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – Construction:

Students will receive training on topics such as avoidance, necessary control measures, hazard identification, confined space, fall protection and more.

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – OSHA and HIPAA for Healthcare:

Students will receive information on OSHA for Healthcare, Dental for Healthcare, Respiratory Protection for Healthcare N95 and HIPAA for Healthcare.

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – Active Shooter, Workplace Violence:

Students will learn how to act and react during an active shooter and/or workplace violence situation and how to maintain a safe environment.

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – Opioids:

Students will learn what an opioid overdose looks like and how to combat it. We will review commonly used terms, review prescription opioids and talk about prevention and response.

Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) – Babysitting:

Students will learn about babysitting tasks, duties, and responsibilities, what parents are looking for, what to do in an emergency, how to lead children and much more.

EMR Safety and Health has built a reputation for quality training. Becoming a professional S-CAT instructor with EMR is easy and fast. The course completion will allow you to establish your own training business or expand your existing one. Becoming an S-CAT instructor is an excellent way to make extra money, while filling a legitimate need in your community. Click here to learn more.

Advanced Cardiac Life Support

Advanced Cardiac Life Support

Healthcare professionals receive the information and skills they need to save lives in an emergency situation with an Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification. Students learn to sustain life and improve patient outcomes during cardiovascular emergencies like a stroke and a heart attack.

Note that these skills go beyond the basic techniques learned within Basic Life Support (BLS). BLS is mostly focused on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), however during ACLS training, students learn what steps to take when a person goes into sudden cardiac arrest including how long to perform CPR, what medications can be used, and how to deliver an electric shock. Some examples of the skills students will learn include:

  • Breathing treatments
  • Arterial line insertion
  • Cardioversion
  • Airway stabilization
  • IV medications administration

What Are the Advantages of getting an ACLS Certification?

Here are the benefits of getting an ACLS Certification.

Stand Out in Your Work Pool
There is a growing demand from experienced health professionals in the US. As per the US Bureau of Labor, the employment growth rate will grow to 165 million from 2020 to 2030. The demand for registered nurses is mostly due to increased chronic conditions. That said, having an ACLS Certification will make you stand out from the crowded market because you have more specialized skills.

Increased Reputation in the Workplace
Continuous learning is important in the medical field. An ACLS Certification shows you have taken the time to learn recovery skills in case a cardiac arrest or respiratory problem happens in the workplace.

Boosts Confidence
An ACLS certification boosts confidence in healthcare while dealing with an emergency. You will learn to recognize someone in respiratory or cardiac distress and have the necessary skills to help them.

Who Should Take ACLS Classes?

ACLS training is mostly for healthcare professionals who work in facilities where cardiac-related emergencies are most likely to occur such as in critical, urgent, or emergency care units as well as senior care facilities.

An ACLS Certification is essential to every medical professional who oversees an acute care facility. However, this is not the only group that should get an ACLS Certification. According to RegisteredNurseRN.com, you should get an ACLS Certification if you are in the healthcare industry and plan to go beyond an entry-level position. In fact, many employers require their employees to have an ACLS Certification, especially nursing school graduates.

EMTs, surgical assistants, and nursing students who are yet to graduate should also consider getting their ACLS Certification. Also, it’s vital to go through these classes for people working in areas with a high possibility of cardiac arrests, like sports facilities. You will have the skills required to give naloxone and epinephrine.

Take Your ACLS Classes at EMR Safety and Health

Having an ACLS Certification can help you save lives by applying your ACLS skills to increase a victim’s survival rate and to prepare you for other medical emergencies. It is important to note that ACLS Certifications must be renewed every two years.

You can join EMR Safety and Health, one of the largest American Heart Association Training Centers in North America, to receive the best ACLS education and Certification. Click here to learn more and to register: Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Certification – EMR Safety and Health

Benefits of Becoming an American Heart Association Instructor

Benefits of Becoming an American Heart Association Instructor

From offices and schools to public events and shopping malls, there’s huge demand for people trained in first aid who can jump right in to assist in worst-case scenarios. Accidents, injuries, and health-related emergencies sometimes happen, and having someone on hand who is trained to assist can, at times literally, mean the difference between life and death.

People can become American Heart Association (AHA) instructors in:

If you are passionate about helping others, are looking to add to your monthly income or want to make a career change, then becoming an AHA instructor is something you should consider. There are many benefits of becoming an AHA instructor. As well as being able to potentially save lives as an individual, instructors can help to build a larger network of trained lifesavers. Here are some of the other benefits:

Earning Extra Income and Establishing Your Own Training Business

If you are looking for ways to supplement your income and would like to have your own training business, then consider becoming and AHA instructor, it’s a good way to make money while filling a legitimate need in your community. Teaching AHA courses can earn you hundreds of dollars per month. In addition, full-time salaried AHA instructor jobs are offered by hospitals, universities, and community centers.

“I have been an instructor with EMR since 2018. I began instructing part-time initially, which then quickly changed to full-time. This was one of the best decisions I have ever made. I was able to become a small business owner and full-blown entrepreneur. EMR made it so easy for me, the employees are so helpful and walked me through everything. They are always available to answer any questions I have and provide guidance when I need it. The process of instructing and getting my equipment/ certifications is so easy and user-friendly. I am glad I am an instructor and even more glad that EMR is my training center!”  – EMR Instructor Summer Smith

Making a Positive Difference

Instructors provide the skills and training necessary for others to help in an emergency situation. Trainees gain the power to save lives within their workplaces, communities, and families.

Increasing Transferable Skills

Becoming an AHA instructor enables people to build public speaking, presentation, communication, and leadership skills, all of which are valuable in the workplace. Being an instructor can enhance a resume and provide a competitive edge in the job market.

Developing More Self-Confidence

Instructors must constantly work with new groups of people, made up of individuals of varying ages and from all walks of life. Instructors become more comfortable as they teach more classes, and self-confidence can flourish.

Additionally, instructors can help trainees to develop the necessary self-confidence to be able to act swiftly and competently in an emergency.

Fulfilling a Passion

People who are passionate about saving lives and making positive contributions to the community can gain plenty of personal satisfaction through being an AHA instructor.

How to Become an AHA Instructor

Becoming an AHA instructor is easy with EMR Safety & Health. In operation for four decades, EMR has built a solid reputation for quality training. We are the largest AHA Training Center in Texas, one of the largest in North America and we are accepting new instructors.

Individuals should already have up-to-date training and hold a current provider card in the area they wish to teach. They can then complete the AHA Essential Instructor Course online before progressing to the in-person instructor course for their chosen discipline.

A prospective instructor’s first class will be monitored by a member of the EMR Training Center Faculty. After successful training and class observations, an individual can become a qualified instructor and begin disseminating life-saving skills to others. Click here for the four easy steps to becoming an AHA Instructor.

Getting a Basic Life Support Certification

Getting a Basic Life Support Certification

Basic Life Support or BLS refers to a type of care that first responders, health care responders, and other public safety professionals provide to a person in a life-threatening emergency, such as cardiac arrest, respiratory distress, or obstructed airwaves.

EMR Safety and Health offers a BLS Certification Program that teaches students how to promptly recognize several life-threatening emergencies and respond with high-quality chest compressions, deliver ideal ventilation, and provide proper use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) and Bag Valve Mask (BVM).

What Are the Advantages of Getting A BLS Certification?

EMR Safety and Health offers several courses and training classes that equip you with the knowledge and skills to respond better to life threatening situations. Here are a few reasons why getting a BLS Certification makes sense:

Increase confidence: Having robust confidence is extremely important in the medical field. Our BLS training classes give you the confidence to act quickly and decisively in emergencies.

Always be prepared: The knowledge and experience you gain from these classes enable you to provide help to others in several scenarios, including at the workplace, on the road, at the mall, and more. Having a BLS Certification equips you with critical knowledge to handle all sorts of situations, from choking to severe head injuries.

Increases your value as an employee: Having a BLS Certification means you have skills that will increase your value as a potential employee. Employers in some specific fields look favorably on applicants with BLS Certifications. This is because most organizations prefer an employee who can perform and administer live-saving methods during workplace emergencies.

Who Should Take BLS Classes?

A BLS Certification from EMR Safety and Health is ideal for healthcare personnel and other people who want to know how to perform basic cardiovascular life support skills and CPR in a range of settings. Specifically, our BLS Certification program is designed for:

  • Doctors
  • Nurses
  • Paramedics
  • Laboratory Technicians
  • Clinical Officers
  • Ambulance Drivers
  • Pharmacists And Pharmacy Technicians
  • Nurse Aids/ Healthcare Assistants / Orderlies
  • Emergency Medical Technicians
  • Safety Professionals and Managers

Basically, a BLS Certification is ideal for anyone who interacts with patients in various settings, including home care facilities.

What Types of Courses Are Offered?

A typical BLS Certification program covers a wide range of areas designed to equip you with the necessary skills to respond better to emergencies. It may offer single-rescuer and team basic life support skills, methods to evaluate an emergency, the measures to take, and legal concerns when offering life-saving care. It may also equip you with the knowledge to handle situations such as choking and drug overdoses.

At EMR Safety and Health we offer a broad range of certification programs including:

 General courses for students

 Instructor courses


Ready to Get Your BLS Certification?

You can enroll for a full classroom course, take online courses or a blend of both. At EMR Safety and Health, our goal is to make an impact and increase awareness through quality training. Click here to learn more and to register.

EMR Safety and Health Announces New S-CAT Certification Courses for Instructors

EMR Safety and Health, a national leader in safety and compliance training, is proud to announce a new set of certifications for instructors covering general industry, construction, healthcare and active shooter / workplace violence. The proprietary certifications will cover these areas and tells employers, students and industry professionals that you are well qualified and take compliance seriously.

The certifications are divided into two levels:

Red: Instructors the successfully complete an S-CAT instructor course
Blue: Students that successfully complete an S-CAT training class.

The certification program is retroactive and instructors that have already successfully completed core courses will receive a new certificate and card with the S-CAT emblem. The new program will allow instructors to differentiate themselves in the marketplace and show additional value to prospective students and employers.

Some legacy courses will be rebranded as follows:

  • Safety Compliance Awareness Instructor – General Industry the new name will be Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) for General Industry
  • Safety Compliance Awareness Instructor – Construction the new name will be Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) for Construction
  • Safety Compliance Awareness Instructor – OSHA for Healthcare the new name will be Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) for OSHA and HIPPA for Healthcare
  • Safety Compliance Awareness Instructor – Active Shooter, Workplace Violence the new name will be Safety Compliance Awareness Trainer (S-CAT) for Active Shooter, Workplace Violence

EMR will be adding even more courses to the list as the program grows and we will keep instructors in the loop once they are live.

Interested instructors looking to expand their training portfolio and become an S-CAT certified instructor are encouraged to sign-up for our next round of courses. Classes are taught
live in our EMR Online Training Studio and all the course materials needed to teach the courses, including fact sheets, workbooks, curriculum, etc., are provided.

For more information and class schedules visit our S-CAT certification page.

Utilize Your Hard-Earned Task Management Skills to the Fullest

Written by our guest columnist Stephanie Haywood at MyLifeBoost.com.

As a small business owner, you either possessed or developed certain task management abilities as you pursued your entrepreneurial dream. These may not be obvious skills that involve classes and certifications to obtain. You may even have employed them subconsciously as you went about your day-to-day tasks. However, they were integral to your success, and you can utilize them to aid you in your everyday life as well.

Critical Thinking

Many people operate on instinct. While this is not a bad thing, there are times when more is needed than reacting. Critical thinking involves looking at a situation, assessing it and actively asking questions about it to come to a conclusion. It is important for a number of reasons, including the decision-making process and effective problem-solving.

By applying critical thinking to both your business and personal lives, you are able to rationally figure out the options you have, the possible outcomes of each, and the best course of action. This applies whether you are deciding on a new supplier or picking the best school for your child. Critical thinking also helps avoid the consequences of making hasty choices.


Communication is an integral part of virtually every aspect of life. Negotiation is one part of communication that is especially vital. Without it, no deals can be made, and conflicts would remain unresolved for long periods or end in violent or unsatisfactory conclusions. Knowing how to compromise and persuade others to follow suit helps in both small and big aspects of life, from trying to convince a major company to sign a contract with you to settling who gets to pick the Friday night family movie.


As a business owner, you must juggle multiple obligations from family, friends, employees, suppliers and contractors, among others. Your time is already limited and the constant demands pulling on you can stretch it even thinner.

The best way to solve the problem is simple: Don’t do everything by yourself. Don’t even try. Rather than putting more strain on yourself, delegate small, easy tasks such as making appointments, doing inventory and filling out minor paperwork to employees. While there are responsibilities you cannot pass on to others, there are some you can, freeing up more time for the duties only you can perform. It also creates more room in your schedule for the non-business parts of your life. Don’t hesitate to delegate at home, either; assign chores so you’re not the only one doing the housework.

Use tools to save yourself time. For example, if you want to create a limited liability company for your enterprise, you don’t have to expend numerous hours doing legwork. There are formation services like ZenBusiness you can use instead that will cut down on the time investment.

Time Management

Time is a limited commodity. It is therefore imperative to use every second wisely in school, business and life in general. Time management is such a valuable tool that there are guides on it from government agencies, universities, and websites and whole courses dedicated to teaching it. Among other surprising statistics, research shows that ten to12 minutes of daily planning result in a time savings of up to two hours a day. Budgeting out your time, setting goals, writing down to-do lists and other time management tactics can help you make more time for family, friends and fun without neglecting your business.

As a business owner, you have skills such as delegation, time management, negotiation and critical thinking that have helped you on your journey. Remember to use these hard-won abilities in other parts of your life. Become the best leader you can be with Emergency Management Resources’ leadership courses and more. Learn more here.

American Heart Association Training

Anyone who is interested in becoming a part of the medical field, including allied health positions, should consider enhancing their knowledge with American Heart Association training. Here is more information regarding the American Heart Association Training courses that are available.

Basic Life Support (BLS) Training Course

The Basic Life Support course is available for blended learning and classroom training at EMR Safety and Health in Dallas, Texas. Each BLS training course teaches the same AHA science-based skills. Individuals who complete this course will receive an AHA BLS course completion card. The blended learning option features e-learning where students can complete part of the course at their own pace. The remaining part of this course is a hands-on skills session. The classroom format of the Basic Life Support course features an instructor-led, hands-on, classroom atmosphere. The BLS course is ideal for prehospital providers, including paramedics, EMTs, firefighters, and facility hospital providers. In this course, students will learn CPR for infants, children, and adults, the importance of the early use of an AED, and other basic life support essentials.

Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) Training Course

The ACLS training course enhances the foundations of basic life-saving skills while focusing on the importance of preventing cardiac arrest. This advanced cardiac life support training course reflects the education and science from the 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC). The ACLS training course is ideal for health care professionals who manage cardiovascular emergencies for personnel in an emergency. Students who enroll in this course will be able to define systems of care, model effective communication, perform early management of cardiac arrest in various situations, including resuscitation, transfer of care and other skills.

Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) Training Course

The Pediatric Advanced Life Support Training Course is available in a blended learning setting online and classroom training. Students who complete this course will receive an AHA PALS Course Completion Card. The PALS training course is ideal for health care providers who respond to emergencies in children and infants, as well as personnel in emergency medicine, response, intensive care, and critical care units. This training course features clinical and realistic scenarios that encourage participation, hands-on class format and more. The Pediatric Advanced Life Support Training Course strives to improve the outcome of pediatric patients by teaching health care providers to recognize and intervene in situations that involve patients with shock, respiratory, and cardiopulmonary arrest emergencies.

These courses, along with many others, provide health care providers with enhanced knowledge of life-saving technology and advanced life-saving methods that improve a patient’s overall care and quality of life. Students who complete these courses can be more confident in their profession and the quality of care they provide. These American Heart Association Training courses are available online and at the Dallas, Texas, location for a traditional classroom learning experience.

Incident/Accident Investigation

Most accidents are blamed on the employee’s behavior.  There are cases where this is true, but usually, this is not the case.  Causes of accidents run much deeper than employee behavior.   

Every 1,000 near misses in the workplace is a practice for a minor incident.  Every 100 minor incidents in the workplace is a practice for the serious incident.  Every 10 serious incidents result ultimately in one fatality.  Every time we let a near miss go, without an investigation and correction, we are practicing for the fatalities.  Businesses need to address incidents at a preventive measure.   

Theories of the Cause of Accidents

Multiple Cause Theory uncovers root causes because accidents are not assumed to be simple events.  They are the result of a series of random related or unrelated acts/events that somehow interact to cause the accident.  This is a systems approach, which take into account the dynamics of systems that interact within the overall safety program.

The Domino Theory says that injury results from a series of related occurrences which lead to a final event, resulting in injury or illness.  Also referred to as a chain of related events.  It’s assumed that by eliminating any one action or event, the chain will be broken.

Single Event Theory is to blame the victim.  It’s simple right, Jim on one occasion reached into the machine without a tool. It’s convenient to blame the victim and all responsibility goes to him.  Blaming is a short-term fix, but in the long run blaming is expensive to implement and maintain.

Incident/Accident Steps to Investigation

    1. Get everyone safe
    2. Preserve and document scene
    3. Collect information
    4. Determine root causes
    5. Implement corrective actions

Information Analysis

After gathering all the information, conduct a structured analysis to determine the unique events that occurred.  Accurately determine the sequence of events and start by separating (breaking down) the incident into its component parts.  This is looking at pre-incident, during incident and post incident parts so that hazardous conditions, unsafe behaviors, and system weaknesses can be identified.

Sample Accident

EMS responds to an accident at your facility.  Mike was injured on August 1, 2020 in the power press shop area of the facility.  The accident occurred on a mechanical power press and Mike lost three fingers when he reached into the press to extract a part.  The press is operated by a foot pedal and it was not guarded.  The plexi-glass point of operation guard was left flipped up.  Mike was removing a tool stuck in the die and he hit the unguarded foot pedal.  Mike yelled for help and employees came running to his aid.  A supervisor arrived followed shortly by EMS first responders.  There was no emergency response team trained at the facility, but there was a first aid kit.

Example Sequence of Events

    1. Employee was hired and received orientation one week ago
    2. Maintenance removes a guard to work on press
    3. Maintenance does not have the needed part and is called away for another broken machine
    4. Maintenance fails to secure guard or post a “Do Not Use” sign
    5. Tool jams in press
    6. Employee fails to lock out the press before clearing the jam
    7. Employee bypasses unsecured guard
    8. Employee reaches into press without a hand tool
    9. Employee steps on unguarded foot pedal activating press
    10. Press dies closes on employee’s hand amputating three fingers (the injury incident)
    11. Supervisor and 911 are called
    12. Supervisor shows up with first aid kit
    13. 911 medics provide treatment at scene
    14. 911 medics transport employee to hospital

Causes of Accidents

Look below the Direct Cause of the amputation injury.  We must look at the Indirect Causes (behaviors and conditions) that led to the injury.  Conditions would include unguarded machine, broken tools or equipment, defective PPE or an untrained worker. Behaviors would include ignoring a hazard, failure to enforce or inspect, failure to train.   The Basic Root Cause of accidents pre-exist indirect and includes; inadequate training, no discipline or procedures, no orientation process, inadequate training, no inspections that recognize hazards, no labeling or signage to warn employees.

Injury Analysis

    1. Injury Analysis – amputation of three fingers caused by caught in, dies of press.
    2. Indirect Cause Analysis – hazardous conditions, foot pedal unguarded, and unsafe employee/manager/maintenance behaviors, employee bypasses unsecured guard, employee failed to lockout tagout, employee reaching unguarded die without hand tool and maintenance failed to secure guard
    3. Basic Root or Systems Analysis – press operator not trained, maintenance man had too much work and was in hurry, press operated working too fast, supervisor too busy, supervisor not conducting safety inspections of area and failed to train press operator.

OSHA’s View on Controlling Hazards

Employers must control hazards in the workplace and keep employees safe from harm.  The intention of the OSHA standards is that they are minimum requirements.  If a specific rule cannot be sited, the General Duty Clause says,  “employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees…”